Spirituality Articles

watercolor doodad green flower textureA Brief History Of Judaism
Submitted by wpo1408
Thu, 1 Mar 2012

It has been estimated that around 80% of the world's population believe in one religion or another (and there are lots of them), but about 70% of those are adherents to the big four. The four largest religions are: Christianity, Islam, Hinduism and Buddhism. Judaism is the forerunner of both Islam and Christianity.

The Hebrew Bible recounts the history of the world and the story of the passage of the nation from creation, all through the flood to the arrival in the Promised Land, or from Mesopotamia to Canaan, led by Abraham.

The offspring of Abraham and his nation were enslaved by the Egyptians and did not manage to escape until Moses led them out of captivity. During this journey, Moses was given the Ten Commandments from God and they went on to become the bedrock of Jewish law and custom although there is no doubt that the Jewish mode of life has evolved from this era in the Tenth Century before Christ.

The sacred texts of the Hebrew Bible or Masorah are separated into twenty-four books. However, the same texts are divided up into thirty-nine books in the Chirtian Bible's Old Testament. The Torah or The Law was being composed at this time but it was altered and updated between the Tenth and Fifth Centuries before Christ.

In addition to the Hebrew scriptures, there is a bountiful tradition of ancient oral observations known as the Talmud, which is a huge compilation of the Oral Law. The Talmud is the accepted authority for Orthodox Jews.

Judaism is the oldest monotheistic religion known to the Developed world. Jews believed in one God when all of the known world believed in pantheism or many gods like the Ancient Greeks. The name of God in the Jewish language is Yahweh and they believe that Yahweh agreed a covenant with His people to take care of them for ever so long as they were devoted exclusively to him.

In the Jewish faith, sin is the unashamed disrespect of God's will and that is punishable by God in a comparable manner to the Buddhist belief in karma.. The purpose of following God's Law is being welcomed into His Kingdom.

Jews worship in synagogues in congregations led by Rabbis who are considered Teachers or Masters (as in the old style of proclaiming teachers, 'masters') rather than as monks or vicars. The Jewish Sabbath is not the Sunday as in Christianity, but is observed from sunset Friday until sundown Saturday night.

The most important vacations or holy days in the Jewish calendar are: Rosh Hashanah (New Year); Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement); Hanukah (Festival of Lights) and Pesach (Passover). The Jewish nation does not celebrate Christmas because they believe that the Son of God is still yet to be born. They see Jesus as a prophet in the same way as the Muslims do.

Owen Jones, the writer of this piece, writes on a variety of subjects, but is now involved with native religious beliefs. If you would like to know more go to What is Religious Belief?

Source: ArticleTrader.com
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